Taqwim al-adilla

Taqwim al-adilla is a foundational work in Hanafi legal theory authored by Abu Zayd al-Dabūsī (d. 430/1038-9). This text represents the early consolidation of Iraqi Hanifi legal theory in the school of Central Asia. The text directly influenced the two Usul al-fiqh works of al-Sarakhsī (d. c. 483/1090) and al-Bazdawī (d. 482/1089), which become the most influential works of Hanafi legal theory.

I aim in these readings to present the breakdown and underlying ideas of each section, not to necessarily read every single word. I hope that the readings will thus facilitate personal study for students of usul al-fiqh by highlighting the objectives and concepts underlying the book’s discussions. I also hope that this approach will enable non-specialists to appreciate the text and its tradition without needing a prior knowledge of Arabic.

  1. Introduction: The Types and States of People
  2. Types of Proof
  3. Rational and Sacred Proofs
  4. Sacred Proofs That Give Certain Knowledge
  5. The Holy Qur’an
  6. Mutawatir Reports